Basics of Threat Intel, OSINT
Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) is a crucial part of cyber threat intelligence (CTI). It refers to the collection and analysis of publicly available information from various sources to identify potential threats to an organization’s information security.
Why is OSINT important for threat intelligence?
OSINT plays a significant role in achieving comprehensive threat intelligence by offering valuable insights into various threat actors, their tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs). By leveraging OSINT, security teams can:
- Identify and track adversaries targeting their organization
- Gain knowledge about the latest attack strategies and trends
- Evaluate the effectiveness of existing security measures
- Develop proactive defense strategies to mitigate potential threats
Key OSINT Sources
There are numerous sources of OSINT data that can be valuable for threat intelligence. Some of the main sources include:
Publicly accessible websites and blogs: Security researchers, hackers, and threat actors frequently share information about their findings, tools, and techniques in their blogs and websites.
Social media platforms: Social media platforms like Twitter, Reddit, and LinkedIn offer a wealth of information about threat actors’ activities and can act as a valuable resource for threat intelligence.
Security-related conference materials: Many industry conferences and workshops publish their research papers, video recordings, and presentations online, allowing you to gather valuable insights from experts in the field.
Online forums and chat rooms: Hacker forums, online chat rooms, and bulletin boards often contain discussions related to the latest vulnerabilities, exploits, and attack techniques.
Pastebin and GitHub: These platforms offer code snippets and repositories that may contain working hacking tools or proof-of-concept exploits, making them valuable sources of OSINT.
Best Practices for OSINT Collection
Collecting and analyzing OSINT for threat intelligence may seem like a daunting task, but by following these best practices, you can effectively incorporate it into your cyber defense strategies:
Set clear goals and objectives: Define what you want to achieve with your OSINT collection efforts and how it contributes to your organization’s threat intelligence initiatives.
Establish a methodology: Develop a structured approach and process for searching, collecting, and analyzing OSINT data.
Filter your data: As the volume of data available from OSINT sources can be overwhelming, it’s essential to filter the data gathered effectively. Prioritize information that is relevant to your organizational context and specific intelligence requirements.
Maintain up-to-date knowledge: Regularly review newly available OSINT and stay current with the latest tactics, techniques, and procedures utilized by threat actors.
Collaborate and share with peers: The security community is known for collaboration and knowledge sharing. Engage with other security professionals to benefit from their knowledge and experience.
In conclusion, OSINT is a significant aspect of threat intelligence that helps organizations identify and mitigate potential security threats. By effectively collecting and analyzing OSINT, you can gain a better understanding of the ever-evolving threat landscape and develop more effective strategies to protect your organization.