Visit complete Cyber Security roadmap

← Back to Topics List


Nslookup is a network administration command-line tool designed for retrieving information about Domain Name System (DNS) records. DNS is responsible for translating domain names into IP addresses, allowing users to access websites and resources by using human-readable names (e.g., instead of numerical IP addresses.


  • Query DNS servers to verify the configuration of domain names
  • Find the IP address of a specific domain name
  • Troubleshoot DNS-related issues and errors
  • Identify the authoritative DNS servers for a domain

How to Use

  • Open Command Prompt or Terminal: Press Windows key + R, type cmd, and press Enter to open Command Prompt on Windows. On macOS or Linux, open Terminal.

  • Running Nslookup: To start using Nslookup, type nslookup and hit Enter. You’ll now see the > prompt, indicating you are in Nslookup mode.

  • Query DNS Records: In Nslookup mode, you can query different types of DNS records by typing the record type followed by the domain name. For instance, to find the A (address) record of, type A To exit Nslookup mode, type exit.

Commonly Used Record Types

Below are some of the most-commonly queried DNS record types:

  • A: Stands for ‘Address’; returns the IPv4 address associated with a domain name
  • AAAA: Stands for ‘Address’, for IPv6; returns the IPv6 address associated with a domain name
  • NS: Stands for ‘Name Server’; returns the authoritative DNS servers for a specific domain
  • MX: Stands for ‘Mail Exchange’; returns the mail server(s) responsible for handling email for a specific domain
  • CNAME: Stands for ‘Canonical Name’; returns the domain name that an alias is pointing to
  • TXT: Stands for ‘Text’; returns additional text information that can be associated with a domain, like security policies (e.g., SPF)


If you want to find the A (IPv4) record for, follow these steps:

  • Open Command Prompt or Terminal
  • Type nslookup and hit Enter
  • Type A and hit Enter

This will return the IPv4 address associated with the domain name

Community is the 6th most starred project on GitHub and is visited by hundreds of thousands of developers every month.

Roadmaps Best Practices Guides Videos Store YouTube by Kamran Ahmed

Community created roadmaps, articles, resources and journeys to help you choose your path and grow in your career.

© · FAQs · Terms · Privacy


The leading DevOps resource for Kubernetes, cloud-native computing, and the latest in at-scale development, deployment, and management.