Ring topology is a type of network configuration where each device is connected to two other devices, forming a circular layout or ring. In this topology, data packets travel from one device to another in a unidirectional manner until they reach the intended recipient or return to the sender, indicating that the recipient was not found in the network.

Advantages of Ring Topology

Disadvantages of Ring Topology

Despite its drawbacks, ring topology can be a suitable option for small networks with a predictable data transfer pattern that require minimal maintenance and setup effort. However, for larger and more complex networks, other topologies like star, mesh, or hybrid configurations may provide better flexibility, reliability, and performance.